Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of InstallationGuide

Mar 29, 2011, 9:18:55 PM (7 years ago)

Ported the initial version, needs clean-up and update


  • InstallationGuide

    v1 v2  
    22== Parsix GNU/Linux Installation Guide ==
    4 This page is under construction.
     6<p class="question" align="left">
     7Version 3.3 (Last update: July 26 2009)
     8<br />
     9Author: Navid Abdi
     10<br />
     11Corrections and Additions: Alan Baghumian, Ali Yousefi Sabzevar<br />
     14<p align="left">
     15        </p><h2 align="left"><a name="disclaimer">
     16        Disclaimer
     17        </a></h2>
     18<a name="disclaimer">   </a><p align="left">
     20<a name="disclaimer">   This document is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the </a><a href="" target="_blank">GNU General Public License</a> as published by the Free Software Foundation.
     22        <br />This
     23document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
     24ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
     25FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the <a href="" target="_blank">GNU General Public License</a> for more details.
     26         </p>
     27         <!-- basliq sonu-->
     28        <h2 align="left"><a name="generalnotes">
     29        General Notes‌
     30        </a></h2>
     32<a name="generalnotes"> </a><ol>
     33<a name="generalnotes">         </a><li>
     34<a name="generalnotes">                 </a><p align="left">
     35<a name="generalnotes">                 You can find a copy of this guide on the Parsix GNU/Linux CD-ROM.               
     36                </a></p>
     37<a name="generalnotes">         
     38                </a></li><li>
     39<a name="generalnotes">                 </a><p align="left">
     40<a name="generalnotes">If you see a black box, it means that you have to execute the commands
     41in terminal mode (Applications &gt; Accessories &gt; Terminal). </a></p>
     43<a name="generalnotes">         </a></li><li>
     44<a name="generalnotes">                 </a><p align="left">
     45<a name="generalnotes">                 Please send your comments and notes to (docs AT parsix DOT org) to make this guide better. Report bugs and problems at </a><a href="">Parsix Bug Tracker</a>.
     46                </p>
     47        </li></ol>
     48        <br />
     49        <!-- Questions section start-->
     50        <hr />
     52        <h2 align="left"><a name="topics">
     53        Topics
     54        </a></h2><hr />
     55<a name="topics">       </a><h3 align="left"><a href="#faqs">FAQs</a></h3>
     56        <ol>
     57                <li><p align="left">
     58                                <a href="#caniinstall">
     59                                Is it possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux on the hard disk?
     60                                </a>
     61                </p>
     63                </li><li><p align="left">
     64                                <a href="#hwr">
     65                                What's the minimum hardware requirements to install Parsix GNU/Linux?</a>
     66                </p>           
     67                </li><li><p align="left">
     68                                <a href="#parsixandothers">
     69                                Is it possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux beside of other GNU/Linux distributions like Red Hat or Debian GNU/Linux?
     70                                </a>
     71                </p>               
     72                </li><li><p align="left">
     74                                <a href="#parsixandwindoz">
     75                                Is it possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux beside of MS-Windows?
     76                                </a>
     77                </p>               
     78                </li><li><p align="left">
     79                                <a href="#bootloader">
     80                                What's the default boot loader of Parsix GNU/Linux?
     81                                </a>   
     82                </p>                   
     83                </li><li><p align="left">
     84                                <a href="#bootanddist">
     86                                Does Parsix GNU/Linux's boot loader recognize other installed GNU/Linux distributions on my PC?
     87                </a></p>
     88<a href="#bootanddist">                         </a></li><li><p align="left">
     89<a href="#bootanddist">                         </a><a href="#partitions">
     90                                How many partitions and how much space are required to install Parsix GNU/Linux?
     91                </a></p>
     92<a href="#partitions">          </a></li><li><p align="left">
     93<a href="#partitions">                          </a><a href="#isupdate">
     94                                Is it possible to update an existing Parsix GNU/Linux installation?
     95                </a></p><a href="#isupdate">                                   
     96         </a></li></ol>
     98<a href="#isupdate">     </a><h3 align="left"><a href="#installguide">Installation Guide</a></h3>
     99         <ol>
     100                <li><p align="left">
     101                                <a href="#pre">
     102                                Prerequirements
     103                </a></p><a href="#pre">                                 
     104                                </a></li><li><p align="left">
     105<a href="#pre">                         </a><a href="#runinstall">
     106                                Running Installation program
     107                </a></p><a href="#runinstall">                                                                         
     108                                </a></li><li><p align="left">
     110<a href="#runinstall">                          </a><a href="#splash">
     111                                Installation Start
     112                </a></p><a href="#splash">                                             
     113                                </a></li><li><p align="left"><a href="#splash">                                 
     114                                </a><a href="#mainmenu">
     115                                Main Menu
     116                </a></p><a href="#mainmenu">                                                                   
     117                                </a></li><li><p align="left">
     118<a href="#mainmenu">                            </a><a href="#partition">
     119                                Partitioning
     120                </a></p><a href="#partition">                                                                           
     121                                </a></li><li><p align="left">
     123<a href="#partition">                           </a><a href="#config">
     124                                Installation Configuration
     125                </a></p>
     126<a href="#config">                              </a></li><li><p align="left">
     127<a href="#config">                              </a><a href="#saveconfig">
     128                                Saving and Restoring Configuration
     129                </a></p>
     130<a href="#saveconfig">                          </a></li><li><p align="left">
     131<a href="#saveconfig">                          </a><a href="#startinstall">
     132                                Installation Process
     133                </a></p>
     135<a href="#startinstall">                                </a></li><li><p align="left">
     136<a href="#startinstall">                                </a><a href="#quit">
     137                                Quit
     138                </a></p><a href="#quit">                                                                       
     139           </a></li></ol><a href="#quit">                       
     141                        </a><h3 align="left"><a href="#updateguide">Updating An Existing Installation</a></h3>
     142           <ol>
     143                                <li><p align="left">
     144                                        <a href="#updating">
     145                                        Update Installation Mode
     146                                        </a></p>
     148<a href="#updating">                           
     149                                </a></li><li><p align="left">
     150<a href="#updating">                                    </a><a href="#startupdating">
     151                                        Starting Update Process                                         
     152                                        </a></p>
     153<a href="#startupdating">           </a></li></ol><a href="#startupdating">                                                                             
     154                        <!-- end of questions  section -->
     155                        <br />
     156                        <!-- now answering section start -->
     157                        </a><hr />
     158<a href="#startupdating">                       </a><h2 align="left"><a name="faqs">General Notes</a></h2>
     160<a name="faqs">                 </a><hr />
     161<a name="faqs">     
     162                </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="caniinstall">
     163                                Is it possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux on the hard disk?
     164                            </a></p><a name="caniinstall">                     
     165                                                </a><ol>
     166<a name="caniinstall">                                          </a><li><p align="left">
     167<a name="caniinstall">Yes. You can do this using the Parsix GNU/Linux installation program.
     168Parsix GNU/Linux is designed to be installed on the hard disk. </a></p>
     169<a name="caniinstall">                                          </a></li></ol>
     170<a name="caniinstall">                                          </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="hwr">
     171                                                 What's the minimum hardware requirements to install Parsix GNU/Linux?                                                 
     172                                                </a></p><ol>
     174<a name="hwr">                                          </a><li><p align="left">
     175<a name="hwr">The minimum required hardware is a 500MHz processor and at least 512MB
     176of RAM. For better performance, 1GB of RAM is recommended. </a></p><a name="hwr">       
     177                                                </a></li></ol>
     178<a name="hwr">                                          </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="parsixandothers">
     179                                                Is it possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux beside of other GNU/Linux distributions like Red Hat or Debian GNU/Linux?
     180                                                  </a></p><ol>
     181<a name="parsixandothers">                                                </a><li><p align="left">
     182<a name="parsixandothers">Yes. You can install it beside of any type of GNU/Linux distribution. Parsix
     183GNU/Linux installer system will try to detect other installed operating systems automatically. </a></p>
     184<a name="parsixandothers">                                                </a></li></ol><a name="parsixandothers">                                               
     186                                                </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="parsixandwindoz">
     188                                                Is it possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux beside of MS-Windows?
     189                                                  </a></p><ol>
     190<a name="parsixandwindoz">                                                </a><li><p align="left">
     191<a name="parsixandwindoz">                                              Yes. You can install it beside of MS-Windows (Any version).
     192                                                  </a></p>
     193<a name="parsixandwindoz">                                                </a></li></ol><a name="parsixandwindoz">             
     194                                                </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="bootloader">
     195                                                What's the default boot loader of Parsix GNU/Linux?
     196                                                  </a></p><ol>
     197<a name="bootloader">                                             </a><li><p align="left">
     198<a name="bootloader">                                             Parsix GNU/Linux uses GNU GRUB as it's default boot loader. Since Parsix GNU/Linux 3.0r0, we are using GRUB 2.
     199                                                  </a></p>
     201<a name="bootloader">                                                           </a></li></ol>
     202<a name="bootloader">                                                           
     203                                                  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="bootanddist">
     204                                                  Does Parsix GNU/Linux's boot loader recognizes other installed GNU/Linux distributions on my PC?
     205                                                  </a></p><ol>
     206<a name="bootanddist">                                            </a><li><p align="left">
     207<a name="bootanddist">Since version 0.81 (Shipped with Parsix 1.0 called Ramon), the
     208installer system supports autodetection of all installed operating systems. This feature is
     209also implemented in GRUB 2.</a></p>
     210<a name="bootanddist">                                            </a></li></ol>
     211<a name="bootanddist">                                            </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="partitions">
     212                                                  How many partitions and how much space are required to install Parsix GNU/Linux?
     213                                                  </a></p><ol>
     215<a name="partitions">                                             </a><li><p align="left">
     216<a name="partitions">At least a root partition with 5 GB free space and a swap partition is
     217required for the installation. Swap partition's capacity should be about twice as your RAM's.
     218Since Parsix GNU/Linux 3.0r0, its officialy possible to use an extra partition as /home.
     219</a></p><a name="partitions">   
     220</a></li></ol><a name="partitions">                                                                                                                                                             
     221                                                 </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="isupdate">
     222                                                 Is it possible to update an existing Parsix GNU/Linux installation?
     223                                                </a></p><ol>
     224<a name="isupdate">                                             </a><li><p align="left">
     225<a name="isupdate">                                             Parsix installation system can also update existing installations. For more information, see </a><a href="#updating">&quot;Update installation mode&quot;</a>.
     226                                                </p>                                                                                                                           
     227                                                </li></ol>
     230                        <hr />
     231                        <h2 align="left"><a name="installguide">Installation Guide</a></h2><hr />
     233<a name="installguide"> <!-- installing Guide section start-->
     234        </a><p align="left">
     235<a name="installguide">
     236          </a></p><p class="question" align="left"><a name="pre">
     237          1. Prerequirements
     238        </a></p><ul>
     239<a name="pre">  </a><li><p align="left">
     241<a name="pre">As mentioned above, you need at least two partitions. A root partition
     242with 5GB of free space and a swap partition. If you have other
     243GNU/Linux installations on your hard disk, Parsix GNU/Linux can
     244recognize and use their swap paritions automatically. You can use
     245provided &quot;GParted&quot; partitioning tool (Run it from Applications &gt;
     246System Tools &gt; Partition Editor) to create new partitions or to
     247resize existing ones. Do not forget that if you create or
     248resize any partitions, it's recommended to reboot the computer to apply
     249changes and then start installation. If your partitions are ready, you
     250can start installation right away.
     251<br /><br />It is possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux on &quot;Primary&quot;
     252and &quot;Extended&quot; partitions. If you have more than one hard disk, it's
     253possible to use any of them as the installation target.
     254</a></p><a name="pre"> </a></li></ul>
     256<a name="pre">                                                                                 
     258</a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="runinstall">
     259        2. Running Installation Program         
     260        </a></p><ul>
     261<a name="runinstall">   </a><li><p align="left">
     262<a name="runinstall">To run the installation program, click on the &quot;Install Parsix&quot; icon on
     263desktop or in the Applications &gt; Parsix menu. Or type &quot;sudo parsix-installer&quot; command. </a></p><center><a name="runinstall"><img src="" /> </a></center>
     265<a name="runinstall">  </a></li></ul>
     266<a name="runinstall"> 
     267  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="splash">
     268        3. Installation Start
     269</a></p><ul><a name="splash">   </a><li><p align="left">
     270<a name="splash">       After clicking on the &quot;Install Parsix&quot; icon, the installation program displays a welcome window. Click &quot;OK&quot; to proceed.
     271</a></p><center><a name="splash"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     274<a name="splash">  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="mainmenu">
     275        4. Main Menu
     276</a></p><ul><a name="mainmenu"> </a><li><p align="left"><a name="mainmenu"> After clicking on the &quot;OK&quot; button, the
     277installation program displays the main menu. This menu has seven items.
     278To quit installation, click &quot;Quit&quot;. </a></p><center><a name="mainmenu"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     281<a name="mainmenu">  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="partition">
     282        5. Partitioning
     284</a></p><ul><a name="partition">        </a><li><p align="left"><a name="partition"> If you do not have any ready partition to
     285install Parsix GNU/Linux, on the main menu, choose partition and click
     286&quot;OK&quot;. This will run &quot;GParted&quot; partitioning tool that could be used to
     287create new or resize existing partitions.</a></p></li></ul>
     288<a name="partition"> 
     289</a><p align="left"><a name="partition">Parsix GNU/Linux needs at least
     290two partitions to be installed. A Swap partition about twice as your RAM's and a main or root.
     291Size of this partition should be at least 5GB. It will be formatted using the format you choose
     292in installation wizard. We recommend create three partitions: &quot;swap&quot;, &quot;/&quot; and
     293&quot;/home&quot;. Having a separate /home partition is a good idea to keep your data in an isolated environment
     294than the main operating system files. Just in case you need to format the main partition, its not needed to even touch your /home.
     296<br />
     298<p align="left"><a name="partition">If you create or resize any partitions, it's
     299recommended to reboot the computer to apply changes and then restart
     300installation. If the &quot;Partition Editor&quot; tool failes to detect your
     301partitions or crashes during applying needed changes, you can manually
     302partition the hard disk using &quot;su -c cfdisk&quot; command. Cfdisk is a
     303powerful partitioning tool but can not resize existing partitions. To
     304resize partitions using the command line, use the &quot;parted&quot; command. For
     305more information type the &quot;man parted&quot; command.
     306  </a></p>
     308<a name="partition">  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="config">
     309        6. Configure Installation
     310</a></p><ul><a name="config">   </a><li><p align="left"><a name="config">Before starting the installation
     311procedure, you should configure needed installation information such as
     312installation place, user/passwords etc. From the main menu choose
     313&quot;Configure Installation&quot; and click &quot;OK&quot;. In the first step, it asks to
     314choose an installation partition. Choose a partition that you want to
     315install Parsix GNU/Linux in. Then click &quot;Next&quot; to proceed.<br /></a></p>
     316<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center></li></ul><a name="config">
     317If the installer program finds more than one available partition to be used in installation procedure, it would recommend to use one of them as /home with this question: Would you like specify a separate &quot;/home&quot; partition?<br />Please note that this partition also will be formatted by the installer.
     320<div style="text-align: center;"><a name="config" /><img style="width: 500px; height: 208px;" alt="" src="" /><a name="config" /><br />
     321<a name="config" /></div>
     322<a name="config"></a><br />
     323If you answer &quot;Yes&quot;, you should choose a partition to be used as your &quot;/home&quot;.<br />
     324<div style="text-align: center;"><img style="width: 500px; height: 234px;" alt="" src="" /><br />
     325<br />
     326<div style="text-align: left;">Answering &quot;No&quot; will lead the installer system to use a single partition to store both system and your personal data.<br />
     330<p align="left"><a name="config">In the next step, you should choose desired file system
     331format. If you don't know about file system differences, click &quot;Next&quot;
     332to proceed.<br />
     333  </a></p>
     335  <a name="config"> </a>
     337<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     339  <a name="config"><br />
     340  </a>
     342<p align="left"><a name="config">Then installation program asks you
     343to enter your full name, username and password respectively.<br />
     344  </a></p>
     346  <a name="config"> </a>
     348<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     350  <a name="config"><br />
     351  </a>
     353<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     355  <a name="config"><br />
     356  </a>
     358<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     360  <a name="config"><br />
     362  </a>
     364<p align="left"><a name="config">In the next step, you should enter
     365your root (Administration) password.
     366You will need it to do administrative tasks later, so choose a password
     367that you never forget!<br />
     368  </a></p>
     370  <a name="config"> </a>
     372<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     375<p align="left">
     377  <a name="config">In the next step you should enter a hostname
     378(Computer name). Default
     379hostname is &quot;parsix&quot;. You can change it. Hostname is needed for
     380networking.<br />
     381  </a></p>
     383  <a name="config"> </a>
     385<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     388<p align="left">
     390  <a name="config">In the next step, the installation program asks
     391about boot loader installation. Parsix GNU/Linux uses GRUB boot loader. It's recommended
     392to choose &quot;mbr&quot;. This will install boot loader on the master boot
     395  <a name="config"><br />
     396  </a>
     398<center><a name="config"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     401<p align="left">
     402  <a name="config">After finishing configuration, you will be returned
     403to the main menu.</a></p>
     405  <a name="config"><br />
     406  </a>
     411<a name="config">  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="saveconfig">
     412  7. Saving and Restoring Configuration
     413</a></p><ul><a name="saveconfig">       </a><li><p align="left"><a name="saveconfig">If you are planning to start the installation later,
     414it's possible to save the installation configuration in a file. Click
     415&quot;Save Config&quot; and click &quot;OK&quot;. You can load the saved configuration file
     416later using the &quot;Load Config&quot; button.<br />
     418      </a></p><center><a name="saveconfig"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     420<a name="saveconfig">  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="startinstall">
     4218. Installation Process
     422</a></p><ul><a name="startinstall">     </a><li><p align="left">
     423<a name="startinstall">After finishing configuration, you can start the installation process by clicking on &quot;Start Installation&quot; and then &quot;OK&quot; button.<br /></a></p>
     425<a name="startinstall">      </a><center><a name="startinstall"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     426<p align="left">
     427<a name="startinstall">Then, the installation program displays a confirmation window. Take a look, if everything seems to be fine, click &quot;Next&quot; to proceed.</a></p>
     428<a name="startinstall">      </a><center><a name="startinstall"> <img src="" /></a></center>
     429<p align="left">
     430<a name="startinstall">The installation program starts formatting the chosen partition or partitions, copies
     431files &amp; configurations, creates users, installs boot loader and
     432kernel. Then displays the final message that &quot;Installation has
     433finished successfully&quot;. Now you can boot the computer using Parsix
     439<a name="startinstall">  </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="quit">
     4409. Quit
     441</a></p><ul><a name="quit">     </a><li><p align="left"><a name="quit">In &quot;Configure Installation&quot; step, you can
     442use &quot;Quit&quot; button to quit. The installation program will ask to save
     443the configuration in a file. If you like, you can save your
     444configuration to use it later.
     446<a name="quit">   
     447                <!-- end of  installing Guide section-->
     449                <!-- updateing section start -->
     450                </a><hr />
     451<a name="quit">         </a><h2 align="left"><a name="updateguide">Updating An Existing Installation</a></h2><hr />
     452<a name="updateguide"> 
     453         </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="updating">
     455Update Installation Mode
     456</a></p><ul><li><p align="left"><a name="updating">If you have an existing installation of
     457Parsix GNU/Linux on the computer, it is possible to update it to the
     458new version using update installation mode. It is recommended to backup
     459your data before proceed. Update procedure deletes a lot of data from
     460your root partition. This action can not be undone.
     461</a></p></li></ul><a name="updating"> 
     462 </a><p class="question" align="left"><a name="startupdating">
     463Starting Update Process
     464</a></p><ul><li><p align="left"><a name="startupdating">To start update procedure, click on
     465&quot;Applications &gt; Parsix &gt; Install Parsix&quot; icon or type &quot;sudo
     466parsix-installer&quot; command. Then skip the welcome window and choose
     468&quot;Update installation&quot; then click next. </a></p>
     469<center><a name="startupdating"><img src="" /> </a></center>
     470<p align="left"><a name="startupdating">Then system asks to choose a partition that contains your existing Parsix GNU/Linux installation.</a></p>
     472<center><a name="startupdating"><img src="" /> </a></center>
     474<p align="left"><a name="startupdating">Then displays a confirmation message about the update
     475process. Again it's highly recommended to backup your data before
     476proceed. </a></p><center><a name="startupdating"><img src="" /> </a></center>
     477<a name="startupdating"><br />During the final steps of update installation mode, the installer
     478asks to replace X.Org and GNOME desktop configurations. Answer yes if
     479you desire to reset these configurations.
     480</a><center><a name="startupdating"><img src="" /> </a></center>
     482<p align="left"><a name="startupdating">After 10-15 minutes the installer displays the final
     483confirmation window and your new Parsix GNU/Linux is ready to use.
     484Important note that all extra installed software packages will be
     485deleted and you have to reinstall them after updating the system using
     486the following command:</a></p>
     487<pre dir="ltr" class="terminal" style="text-align: left;"><a name="startupdating"># apt-get update &amp;&amp; apt-get install `cat /root/diffpackages-xxxxxxxx-xxxx.txt`<br /></a></pre>
     488</li></ul><a name="startupdating">