Parsix GNU/Linux Installation Guide
Version 3.4 (Last update: April 30 2011)
Author: Navid Abdi
Corrections and Additions: Alan Baghumian, Ali Yousefi Sabzevar
This document is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
This document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
At least a root partition with 5 GB free space and a swap partition is required for the installation. Swap partition's capacity should be about twice as your RAM's. Since Parsix GNU/Linux 3.0r0, its officially possible to use an extra partition as /home.
As mentioned above, you need at least two partitions. A root partition with 5GB of free space and a swap partition. If you have other GNU/Linux installations on your hard disk, Parsix GNU/Linux can recognize and use their swap partitions automatically. You can use provided "GParted" partitioning tool (Run it from Applications > System Tools > Partition Editor) to create new partitions or to resize existing ones. Do not forget that if you create or resize any partitions, it's recommended to reboot the computer to apply changes and then start the installation. If your partitions are ready, you can start installation right away.
It is possible to install Parsix GNU/Linux on "Primary" and "Extended" partitions. If you have more than one hard disk, it's possible to use any of them as the installation target.
If you do not have any ready to use partitions to install Parsix GNU/Linux, choose partition and click "OK". This will run "GParted" partitioning tool that could be used to create new or resize existing partitions.
Parsix GNU/Linux needs at least
two partitions to be installed. A Swap partition about twice as your RAM's and a main or root.
Size of this partition should be at least 5GB. It will be formatted using the format you choose
in the installation wizard. We recommend to create three partitions: "swap", "/ (root)" and
"/home". Having a separate /home partition is always a good idea to keep your data in an isolated environment
than the main operating system files. Just in case you need to format the main partition, you will not need to even touch your /home.
If you create or resize any partitions, it's highly recommended to reboot the computer to apply changes and then restart the installation. If the "Partition Editor" tool fails to detect your partitions or crashes during applying needed changes, you can manually partition the hard disk using "su -c cfdisk" command. Cfdisk is a powerful partitioning tool but can not resize your existing partitions. To resize partitions using the command line, use the "parted" command. For more information type the "man parted" command.
Before starting the installation procedure, you should configure needed installation information such as installation place, user/passwords etc. From the main menu choose "Start Installation" or "New Installation" and click "OK". In the first step, it asks to choose an installation partition. Choose a partition that you want to install Parsix GNU/Linux in. Then click "Next" to proceed.
Please note that this partition also will be formatted by the installer.
If you answer "Yes", you should choose a partition to be used as your "/home".
In the next step, the installation program asks about boot loader installation. Parsix GNU/Linux uses GRUB boot loader. It's recommended to choose "mbr". This will install boot loader on the master boot record.
The installation program starts formatting the chosen partition or partitions, copies files & configurations, creates users, installs boot loader and kernel. Then displays the final message that "Installation has finished successfully". Now you can boot the computer using Parsix GNU/Linux.
In "Start Installation" step, you can use "Quit" button to exit the installation. The installation program will ask you to save the configuration in a file. If you like, you can save your configuration to use it later.
If you have an existing installation of Parsix GNU/Linux on the computer, it is possible to update it to the new version using update installation mode. It is recommended to backup your data before proceed. Update procedure deletes a lot of data from your root partition. This action can not be undone.
To start update procedure, click on "Applications > Parsix > Install Parsix" icon or type "sudo parsix-installer" command. Then skip the welcome window and choose "Update installation" then click next.
During the final steps of update installation mode, the installer asks you to replace the X.Org and GNOME desktop configurations. Answer yes if you desire to reset these configurations.
After 10-15 minutes the installer displays the final confirmation window and your new Parsix GNU/Linux is ready to use. Important note that all extra installed software packages will be deleted and you have to reinstall them after updating the system using the following command: